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Mother Agnès Mariam of the Cross speaks at IDC's Side Event on Syria

Date de publication: 12.03.2014



THE CHALLENGES OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN SYRIA

By Mother Agnes-Mariam of the Cross

Peace Prize Nobel nominee for 2014

 

Ladies and Gentlemen,

I am not Syrian but live and work in Syria since 1993 and Syria challenges me. It is a burden for me, because in this country, I can see, hear and witness. Since the very beginning myself and my community could record that what was reported by the world media network was very different from what was really happening on the ground [1].

If I should talk to myself and make a chronological summary about how the Syrian crisis became a deadliest tragedy I would write straight ahead: Disinformation - Disinformation - Disinformation. 

1. Disinformation on a media informative level. The journalistic reports were false, counterfeited and unlawful on a world scale [2]. This is regrettable for the profession and in contradiction with the Munich Chart of Journalism [3].

2. Disinformation on a world political leading level: all the real objectives of the political decision makers and executives were hidden under false, pompous and angelical-like titles. The result is a global misbehave of the supreme world political leaders in total discrepancy with the international laws thus applied with a capricious and  tyrannical mood. 

3. (Sadly)  Disinformation on a humanitarian monitoring level: International NGO's dedicated to peace, justice and human rights monitoring (like Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Pax Christi and others) and even United Nations global agencies like OHCHR or specialized Commissions of Inquiry on Syria are acting in baffling symbiosis with the unfair political hypocrisy, issuing humanitarian statements that can be defined as "politically aligned", biased and even, false to the point that humanitarian statements containing unfair accusations became a ready to take lever to justify paradoxically proxy wars, war crimes and crimes against humanity ! Humanitarian NGO's and agencies added their voices to States involved in destroying Syria. They manipulated the public opinion to the point that International Humanitarian Laws and the Right to Protect law became Trojan Horses to foster the foreign invasions of a sovereign State by hords of mercenaries and, when the destruction had weakened the Syrian Army, they claimed to finish the destructive work under the 7th Chapter of the United Nations Charter [4].

This raises the question of the violation of the International Humanitarian laws (IHL) and of the Right to Protect (R2P) principle [5]  by those who are supposed to monitor their right application. This shows evidences on how crimes against humanity and war crimes are addressed in a selective way [6]. Let us just remember that more than 70 NGO's signed  a document that was crucial in opening the way to a "humanitarian" intervention of the NATO in Libya [7] that ended killing between 5150 000 innocents to protect 3000 Benghazi residents, where the alert appeared to be overestimated while in Syria some leading NGO’s use their prestige to hide the reality under fallacious accusations. They are filtering the mosquito to let the camel pass.

While in Syria the horrendous reality is that of thousands and thousands of barbarian mercenaries entering from porous frontiers (Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan) with the complicity of neighboring countries, Gulf States and Western powers.

Death squads infiltrate urban complexes or historical city centers to transform them into battlefields. The civilian population, supportive or not, is used as human shield. Through this method Syria is being destroyed inch by inch. Terrorists are heartlessly invading villages and countrysides, spreading banditry, gangs rivalry, untold violence. When they pretend to liberate a city or a country side  they liberate them from their inhabitants, despite some supportive environment where rebels and native population are in a dynamic solidarity. But it does not imply more than the 15% of the population. I have reported to the United Nations Human Rights Council that 85% of the displaced population seeks refuge in areas secured by the army. The strategy adopted by the armed opposition does not seek to secure the local inhabitants but rather to impose on them tyrannical rules that even if they are worded under the prestige of Islamic Sharia remain mere radicalized lecture of the Prophetic Sunna and the Hadith. That's why they are revoked by the majority of the Oulémas of the Levant whose Senior Master was the martyr Sheikh Mohammad Said Ramadan Al Bouti.

But the biggest danger is that those hordes are contributing with their criminal acts to torn apart the rich fabric of the Syrian social tissue. In this cradle of civilizations, since thousands of year different cultures, religions and ethnic groups used to live together in peace, respect and harmony. Moreover, here in the Bilad Al Sham use to reign the most sovereign freedom of thought and of communication. No empire or political party has ever been able to refrain this cultural outpouring.  And today they are trying to substitute this refined and millenary civilization that is cross cut between the Ancient world, Judaism, Christianity and Islam in their best declination with a barbarian hybrid product that debase Islam and use it as a tool of destruction, of discrimination and of hatred.  The transformation of a political struggle into a sectarian war is predicting the worst abuses. But nobody is caring about satellite stations with intellectually depraved Sheikhs who are teaching the day long religious radicalism, ethnical apartheid and lethal means of implementing a barbarian system that is based on the constant breaking of Human dignity. It is an open secret that western powers that present themselves as the protectors of human rights are using those hordes for their own interests with the financial help of some neighboring countries as well as rich Arabic monarchies.

It is the law of the strongest which allows for him to consider that "the end justifies the means". It is the unscrupulous leader, whose strive to maintain State power gives itself the right to bypass ethics and public laws to serve the strength and Reason of State. For this reason the applications of International laws and of Humanitarian International laws are selective and opportunistic. It is a Machiavellian portrait that is, unfortunately, the most running standard on the International Scene. This, most distinguished friends, is a perpetual infringement of Justice, Equity and Truth. A human being is to be protected without any discrimination. It is not the case in Syria where 85% of the population is handed over to the terrible deeds of radical fighters that bypassed by much the dictatorship of the Baathist regime.

What is scandalizing us is the position of the highest authority that was created to supervise the implementation of Human Rights. I have been invited three times to evaluate the reports of the International and independent Commission of Inquiry on Syria (the CoI), even though there is a slight progress, I am horrified to see that they support the rebels and they want to inflict the Syrian State the most radical verbal accusations to bring him to the International Criminal Court, even if they have to minimize or justify widespread misbehavior from the part of the rebels[8].

Unbalanced reports

Reading all the reports issued by the Commission of Inquiry we feel the insistence to always describe the unfair apparatus of the Syrian State. The problem is that what is described is not new. It has always been like this since the rise of the Baath State. Why this persistence to incriminate the same institutional process in Syria? 

Any infringement from the Syrian government is immediately highlighted, expanded and rehashed as the deed of the whole apparatus while little is said about the permanent violation of human rights from the part of the rebels always reporting it to some of them and not to their entire body.  Why this double standard?

We find always something to minimize their deeds, to limit it to some groups or to an area. The general method of destabilization and defilement that is haunting the Syrian population and constitutes a kind of permanent threat to the population is ignored or hidden. Let us calibrate this calculated difference in the wording of the last reports. From one part we underline the insistence on an institutionalized process, on the other part it is a variety of methods while the criminal ones are perpetrated (always) by only “some” groups in an isolated way. While the reality is the opposite: in the Syrian State there is the law of justice with exceptions due to the interference of some unlawful intelligence services actions. While in the areas controlled by the rebellion is widespread the most chaotic and capricious way of departing justice with everyday public executions out of any law.

We read in the 6th report under the 3rd rubric “violations concerning the treatment of civilians and hors de combar fighters”:

 

A/HRC/24/46

Government et pro-government forces

Anti-government armed groups

44. Unlawful killing was perpetrated by government forces as part of widespread attacks directed against the civilian population. The attacks included widespread shelling of villages, the burning of civilian objects, sniper attacks and systematic executions (see annex

II).

The coordination and active participation of Government institutions indicated the attacks were institutionalized and conducted as a matter of policy. Unlawful killing occurring during such attacks were crimes against humanity. Government forces also committed the war crime of murder, carried out executions without affording due process and arbitrarily deprived the right to life.

47. Quasi-judicial mechanisms established by anti-government armed groups varied considerably across areas under their control. The lack of codified law led to an inconsistent administration of justice. Essential judicial and procedural guarantees were rarely accorded, and most judicial mechanisms did not reach the necessary level of independence and impartiality.

48. The punitive mechanisms established by some armed groups deny the right to counsel and the opportunity for appeal, given that executions were carried out immediately

after sentencing. The close functional relationship between armed groups and courts compromised the independence and impartiality of the latter.

52. The war crime of murder and the crime of executing without due process were perpetrated by anti-government armed groups.

 

The same difference is seen in  the 6th report under the rubric concerning torture and ill treatment

A/HRC/24/46

E. Torture and ill-treatment

Government et pro-government forces

Anti-government armed groups

88. Torture and other forms of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment were perpetrated by government forces as part of a widespread and systematic attack directed against a civilian population, pursuant to or in furtherance of an organizational policy. The involvement and active participation of government institutions indicated that torture was institutionalized and employed as a matter of policy. The crime against humanity of torture and cruel treatment was perpetrated with impunity by Syrian intelligence agencies, in particular Military and Air Force Intelligence, as well as the Military Security services. Such conduct is also prosecutable as a war crime.

 

 

89. Some anti-government armed groups mistreated and tortured persons in their custody. While such violations were committed in isolated instances, there are strong indications that such practices are on the rise.

90. In mid-May, members of a sharia committee in northern Aleppo city arrested and detained several activists following a peaceful demonstration, and subjected them to physical violence, including beating them on the soles of their feet.

 

91. Liwa Asifat Al-Shamal operated a 300-person capacity prison in Azaz (Aleppo)where, as a method of interrogation, detainees were put in a 1.5 m deep hole in the ground and covered with sheet metal for 48 hours.

92. On 19 July, the Saddam Hussein Battalion, part of the Liwa Al-Tawheed military police, beat and tortured a man using the dulab method.6

93. Some anti-government armed groups perpetrated the war crime of torture. The infliction of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment is also a violation of international human rights law and humanitarian law.

 

 

 

Dear audience: massive documentation is available on the net done by the perpetrators themselves where torture is not beating or the “doulab” method but mutilating, cutting arms or legs or women breasts, broasting alive in ovens and beheading… Why those inhuman treatments are not addressed by the CoI? I will show you the photos of Fayyad, the 20th years old young boy who was cut in pieces. Ignoring the reality of the International terrorist invasion of Syria is to entrust the unarmed civilian population to the most inhuman barbaric hordes on the globe.  This is a crucial question!

About the 7th report of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Syria, the 12th of February 2014

The 7th report is not different from the 6th:

The summary of the 7th report:

A/HRC/25/65

Exageration

Understatement

Government forces and pro-government militia continue to conduct widespread attacks on civilians, systematically committing murder, torture, rape and enforced disappearance as crimes against humanity.

Government forces have committed gross violations of human rights and the war crimes of murder, hostage-taking, torture, rape and sexual violence, recruiting and using children in hostilities and targeting civilians in sniper attacks.

Government forces disregarded the special protection accorded to hospitals, medical and humanitarian personnel and cultural property. Aleppo was subjected to a campaign of barrel bombing that targeted entire areas and spread terror among civilians.

Government forces used incendiary weapons, causing superfluous injury and unnecessary suffering, in violation of international humanitarian law.

Indiscriminate and disproportionate aerial bombardment and shelling caused large-scale arbitrary displacement. Government forces and pro-government militia perpetrated massacres.

Non-State armed groups, named in the report, committed war crimes, including murder, execution without due process, torture, hostage-taking, violations of international

humanitarian law tantamount to enforced disappearance, rape and sexual violence, recruiting and using children in hostilities, attacking protected objects and forcibly

displacing civilians. Medical and r in eligious personnel and journalists were targeted. Armed groups besieged and indiscriminately shelled civilian neighbourhoods, in some instances spreading terror among civilians through the use of car bombings in civilian areas. In Al- Raqqah, the widespread detention of civilians and their systematic torture by identified armed groups amounted to a crime against humanity.

Non-State armed groups perpetrated massacres.

 

Since our side event here in the OHCHR in Geneva the 7th of January 2013 we have been collaborating with the Commission of Inquiry to bring first hand witnesses from Syria to Lebanon.

Today we find that the 7th report is the most deceiving of all. In this report, the commission of inquiry covers the investigations conducted from 15 July 2013 to 20 January 2014. Its findings are based on 563 interviews and other collected evidence.

It happened that during this time section many events occurred in a region we live in: Qara, Deir Atieh, Nebek, Sadad, Maalula. What we see on the ground is NOT fully described in the reports. How is it possible that what we have experienced and what is unanimously recorded by all the population is not what is transmitted in the COI’s report.

Obviously the criteria set by the COI  is not enough to assure the reliability of the reports:

The standard of proof is met when the commission has reasonable grounds to believe that incidents occurred as described.

The “reasonable grounds” might be insufficient due to biased or misleading sources. On the other side, how it is possible that evident proofs of beheading, defilement and gross human rights violations documented by the rebels themselves are just ignored?  How is it possible that nothing of those horrendous anti human acts is described in the reports? Let me give you some examples that are taken from a region we live in and we know all its whereabouts:

Some examples of distorted realities that appears in the reports of the COI: 

 

A/HRC/25/65

Specific Mandate on Massacres

ANNEX III

1. The Commission continued to carry out its special mandate to investigate all massacres.a The Commission has not been granted access to conduct investigations on the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic. This has severely hampered its efforts to establish the circumstances of a number of alleged massacres to its evidentiary standard. In many parts of Syria, communication lines, including phone and internet, have been restricted or cut. In the incidents described, the intentional mass killing and identity of the perpetrator were confirmed to the commission’s evidentiary standards.

Honorable audience during this laps of time were perpetrated in Syria the most horrendous barbaric invasions of Latakia mountains, that of Sadad, of Maaloula and of Adra, Maan, Kafalat and Qoneitra. The sole massacre that have been fairly reproduced is that of Latakia mountains.

While Sadad and Maaloula stories are biased, we are astonished not to see any single allusion to Adra, Maan, Kafalat and Qoneitra massacres.

A/HRC/25/65

Annex III

Specific mandate on massacre

Sadad, Homs countryside, 21-28 October 2013

15. On 21 October 2013, multiple non-state armed groups, including Al-Islam Shield battalions affiliated to Maghawir Forces and Jabhat Al-Nusra launched an attack on Government forces based in the Christian town of Sadad. A number of civilians were killed

during the ensuing clashes. The perpetrators of the killings have not been established in each incident.

16. Two elderly civilians were shot and killed by members of a non-State armed group. Members of the police force were also killed. Four elderly women were reportedly found shot dead in an area controlled by the armed groups. All killings took place in close quarters.

Unknown perpetrator

Sadad, Homs countryside, October 2013

17. On 21 October 2013, multiple non-state armed groups launched an attack on Government forces based in the Christian town of Sadad. On 28 October, Syrian Government forces regained full control of Sadad. An entire family, a woman, her two

young children, two elderly parents and her mother in law, were later found dead in a well.

One of the victims was handcuffed with his arms behind his back and had been gagged with a cloth. All six civilians had been shot in the head. The area in which the victims were found dead had been under the control of the Government.

 Non-state armed groups had been positioned in a school near the family’s home.

In Sadad there were no areas under the control of anybody. No Governement forces were allowed to remain in the Sadad neighborhood. There was just a small police station composed of less than 10 policemen. Sadad remained unarmed and neutral during the crisis.

I convey to you and to the COI the strong denial of the Sadad population about these facts. Somebody is misleading the COI inquirers. The real description of what happened is foreign invasion and massacre. The amount of killed civilians and policemen is 41. The village was looted and thanks to the cooperation of the Free Syrian Army in Qarah the caravan of looted objects was seized and given back to the Bishop.

The Sadad community told me that they will not remain silent concerning this gross violation of the reality of what happened to their city. Yet Dr. Issa Ajram, the spokesperson of Sadad village, came to Lebanon to expose the truth regarding what happened. How is it possible to disfigure like this the events?

 

A/HRC/24/46

IV. Violations concerning the conduct of hostilities

118. As civilians fled Homs into north-eastern Damascus, the shelling and bombardment of localities hosting internally displaced persons intensified. This occurred in Al-Nabak, Al- Qarah, Yabrud and Dayr Atiyah. Soldiers extorted money from civilians in these areas in exchange for a temporary cessation of the attacks. Government forces continued to shell and bombard areas south of Damascus city, including Darayya, Jbeb, Ramadan and Adra.

This is a complete misrepresentation of the reality. The rebel’s families fleeing from Baba Amro arrived in March 2012 to Qarah and were hosted and served including by us. Our monastery is in Qarah in the area of Al-Nabak, Yabrud and Dayr Atiyah. The COI statement let us understand that the Syrian Army attacked the population. The reality is that the Syrian State allowed for more than one year and the half the free implementation of the rebels in the area in the frame of a truce that will spare the village of any shelling if they do not harm the State’s infrastructure and do not attack the international highway. The reign of terror was implemented. When foreign fighters where infiltrated in large numbers rivalry begun to appear and antagonist armed formations begun to fight one against the other. The Syrian population, opponents and loyalists not involved with the financial profits of the rebellion, asked the Syrian Army to intervene. During the whole night before the Syrian Army attack begun the withdrawal of the civilian population. They were free to go wherever they want: Thousands of families, the rebels’ families, went to Arsal and the others went to Deir Attiya. There were very little destruction in Qarah because of the cooperation between the Free Syrian Army and the Syrian State Army. The Qalamun is being cleansed from terrorists with the help of the Syrian population.

Deir Attiya, Damascus, 20 November 2013

14. Nine medical staff at Basil State Hospital in Qalamoun were taken hostage and killed by members of Islamic State of Iraq and Al-Sham (ISIS) and Al-Khadra Battalion.

And the justification of this horrendous deed:

The killings and the attack on the hospital occurred in the context of an assault against several locations and positions in Deir Attiya city.

It is not true: when they were pulled out from Qarah, the terrorists perpetrated out of combat the slaughtering of those innocents. They launched a suicide attack against the army check point guarding the hospital. They were not only “killed” but “slaughtered”. It is different.

B. Arbitrary arrest and unlawful detention

A/HRC/25/65

27. Non-State armed groups executed captured soldiers. After armed group fighters took control of a government military checkpoint located 2 kilometres from Maaloula (Damascus countryside) on 4 September, they captured and executed soldiers stationed there. On 7 September, fighters raided a house on Mar Sarkis Street. Fighters separated the women and elderly, then took three men outside and shot them.

119. On 4 September, armed groups clashed with government forces in Maaloula (Damascus). Churches were looted and destroyed. The historic churches of Mar Sarkia and Barhos were used as bases for military operations. In October, ISIS damaged the Church of Saidat Al-Bishara in Ar Raqqah and established their headquarters there. During the attack from 21 to 28 October on Sadad (Homs), armed groups desecrated Christian churches. On 16 and 17 November, during fighting in Qara (Damascus), the Mar Michael church was damaged. As government forces retook Qara, armed groups positioned weaponry near Christian churches.

120. Armed groups wilfully damaged and destroyed property of great significance to the cultural heritage of the Syrian Arab Republic, in contravention of international humanitarian law.

The reality of the Maalula event is not that of “armed groups clashing with government forces”. The reality is that the truce that was prevailing in Maalula was broken by the local rebels due to the infiltration of Islamic foreign formations. The real description of what happened is not clashes with government forces but a real invasion on a world heritage site and on a sectarian basis. Videos recorded by the invaders themselves let us see the heavy discriminatory defilement of Christian values and beliefs. The invasion began with a suicide attack on the sole army checkpoint in the entrance of Maalula. The other episodes are that of a barbaric unjustified invasion taking an Islamic face with anti-Christian slogans and religious hatred. How is it possible to ignore that Christians were forced to deny their faith and adhere to Islam or being killed? Some Christians accepted to renounce to their faith to be saved. Others did not.

THE MUADAMIYAH EVACUATION

137. On 13 October, the Syrian Arab Red Crescent and the International Committee of the Red Cross supervised the evacuation of 3,500 civilians from Muadamiyah. During the evacuation, women and children were separated from the men, many of whom were screened at Mezzeh Airport. Several were arrested and detained. Many fighting-age men remained inside, fearing being arrested, killed or “disappeared” by Government forces.

During subsequent evacuations, on 15 and 29 October, 5,000 more people left Muadamiyah. Despite the truce on 25 December, Muadamiyah remains besieged and no humanitarian access has been granted.

The Muadamiyah evacuation is an initiative that came from my part. Nobody from your Commission asked me about the facts. But what is said from the rebel side is taken as dogma. 650 fighting-age men decided to be evacuated despite my warnings that nothing had been negotiated yet with the government. Yet they were well treated. Only 8 of them are still detained.

It is unfair to say that many fighting-age men remained inside, fearing being arrested, killed or “disappeared” by Government forces when today Muadamiyah is living on the compass of a real reconciliation process between those fighters and the government forces.

THE HORRENDOUS INVASION OF ADRA

I have here in my computer horrendous documentaries that reflects some of the terrible fate of citizens whose unique fault is to be State employees, a part of a non radical Sunni community or, simply to be used as a mean of pressure through terror by foreign mercenaries framed with some Syrian armed groups.            

How the International community who says that its first concern is the International Humanitarian Law and the Right to protect is accepting that some of the most prominent States within the United Nations finance, arm and protect hordes of mercenaries that lacks of the most elementary principles of humanity and are using atrocities to implement the reign of terror in a way to have a rapid control on the ground ?

What I can state here is that the reality is far to be totally uncovered. Its horrendous profile will remain a shame and a scandal when it will be unveiled. I let Dr. Nabil Fayyad convey to you his interviews with Adra survivors, a task that should have been performed by the CoI inquirers. Even though we brought some proeminent witnesses to Lebanon to be interviewed how it is possible that nothing was said about what is becoming the summary of all inhuman realities in Syria?

CONCLUSION

The International Community is getting more and more alarmed with the Syrian events. The concern that is widely expressed is "the protection of the Syrian Population". In reality, to "protect them" have constantly meant to justify a sophisticated escalation of violence that is intrinsically against the most elementary human rights and, in so many cases, represents a permanent crime against humanity. The CoI has designated Raqa as a place where crimes against humanity are perpetrated. Please note that the same crimes and even worse that are perpetrated in Raqa are being perpetrated in many other places with the silence and also the blessing of the countries that are financing the rebels’ armed factions.

Why so many tricks and from where comes the ever more growing audaciousness in acting with total flippancy on the international juridical and executive level? From where comes the immunity of the media, that of the political powers and of the human rights agents when they are unlawful? How can such unfairness remain unaccountable? The only answer is that there is a kind of international complicity and this is scary because the innocents have no more a supreme authority to defend them. 

A very important fact is that the conflict in Syria is no more local or a civilian war. It is an international proxy war with the presence of foreign fighters from more than 80 countries fully documented and with the interference of more than 20 countries. The Syrian population, whatever are its political choices, deserves to be protected.

Following the charter of the United Nations a sovereign State has the duty to protect its population. Demonizing the Syrian State you deprive the civilians of this elementary duty to protect. But the reality on the ground is growing faster that the international war on Syria: opponents and loyalists are helping the Syrian Army to get rid of the foreign terrorists while hundreds and thousands of former armed rebels are being amnestied. The reconciliation process is being launched and will need to be improved. My request to the COI is to be really independent and always more aware about the realities on the ground. The OHCHR and the COI have the duty to protect the innocents and to never be a tool in the hands of those who have special politics advantages through implementing chaos in Syria.

Do you know that every day in Adra more than 50 women are raped and exhibited naked on the balconies? Do you know that hundreds of prisoners are working like in concentration camps? How can Adra be absent from the 7th report of the COI and that nobody until this day in the OHCHR has made any complain on it?

Despite some critical point of views, I value the work of the Commission of Inquiry. We are happy to collaborate with the inquirers. We hope that its mandate will be prorogated. I have done a lot to convince the spiritual authorities about the importance of the presence of the CoI in Syria to obtain more accuracy. The Mufti has obtained the right to let the CoI enter in Syria. Please come and see and report fairly! THIS IS YOUR RIGHT TO PROTECT !!! 

Geneva, 12th of march 2014

Mother Agnes-Mariam of the Cross

 



[1] Refer to my first article titled "In the flood of disinformation , the situation in Syria" on http://australiansforreconciliationinsyria.wordpress.com/mother-agnes-mariam-in-the-flood-of-disinformation-the-situation-in-syria/

[2]" It’s necessary to really “detoxify” oneself from the disinformation being passed around and broadcasted by the mega-media. What zealous hatred for truth suddenly overwhelms their editorial teams to the point where they can lie to this extent, or simply omit the truth, in the arrangement of their emotionally charged images and sound. In a campaign in the name of freedom they begin by imposing on us a totalitarianism of opinion which is more effective than the worst dictatorial regimes of old. Since all the major channels are saying basically the same things at the same time, everything passes under the false flag of objectivity." (ibidem, foreign interference §)

[3] Munich Declaration of the Duties and Rights of Journalists (1971) adopted by six syndicates of journalists of the six countries of the European community in Munich, 23-24 November 1971. See http://www.mediawise.org.uk/european-union/ It is very short a hardly one A4 page. So it is worthy to be transcribed here:

Preamble
The right to information, to free speech and to criticism is one of the most fundamental freedoms of every human being. The whole complex of duties and rights of journalists derives from this right of the public to know facts and opinions. The responsibility of journalists vis-a-vis the public has precedence over any other responsibility, in particular towards their employers and the public power. The mission to inform necessarily includes the limits journalists spontaneously impose on themselves. This is the subject of the present declaration of duties. Yet these duties can be effectively respected in the exercise of the journalist profession only if the concrete conditions of professional independence and dignity are implemented. This is the subject of the declaration of rights quoted here.

Declaration of duties
The essential duties of the journalist in gathering, reporting on and commenting on events consist in:

1) Respecting the truth no matter what consequences it may bring about to him, and this is because the right of the public is to know the truth.

2) Defending the freedom of information, of commentaries and of criticism.

3) Publishing only such pieces of information the origin of which is known or – in the opposite case – accompanying them with due reservations; not suppressing essential information and not altering texts and documents.

4) Not making use of disloyal methods to get information, photographs and documents.

5) Feeling obliged to respect the private life of people.

6) Correcting any published information which has proved to be inaccurate.

7) Observing the professional secrecy and not divulging the source of information obtained confidentially.

8) Abstaining from plagiarism, slander, defamation and unfounded accusations as well as from receiving any advantage owing to the publication or suppression of information.

9) Never confusing the profession of journalist with that of advertiser or propagandist and not accepting any consideration, direct or not, from advertisers.

10) Refusing any pressure and accepting editorial directives only from the leading persons in charge in the editorial office. Every journalist worthy of this name feels honored to observe the above-mentioned principles; while recognizing the law in force in each country, he does accept only the jurisdiction of his colleagues in professional matters, free from governmental or other interventions.

[4] Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter sets out the UN Security Council's powers to maintain peace. It allows the Council to "determine the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression" and to take military and nonmilitary action to "restore international peace and security".

[5] The origin of the R2P principle is in the report prepared by the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS) in 2001 entitled ‘A Responsibility to Protect’. This report aimed to address difficult issues regarding gross violations of human rights on the one hand, and the principles of noninterference and sovereignty on the other. The Commission focused on the responsibility of States to protect their own populations, but recognized that when a State was failing, or unwilling to protect its own people, then the international community had a responsibility to do so. R2P has gained prominence and is widely accepted. At the UN World Summit in 2005, the largest gathering of Heads of State and Government in history, the General Assembly unanimously adopted the responsibility to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing.

I report here the World Summit outcomes: §138. Each individual State has the responsibility to protect its populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. This responsibility entails the prevention of such crimes, including their incitement, through appropriate and necessary means. We accept that responsibility and will act in accordance with it. The international community should, as appropriate, encourage and help States to exercise this responsibility and support the United Nations in establishing an early warning capability.

§139. The International Community, through the United Nations, also has the responsibility to use appropriate diplomatic,  humanitarian and other peaceful means, in accordance with Chapters VI and VIII of the Charter, to help to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. In this context, we are prepared to take collective action in a timely and decisive manner, through the Security Council, in accordance with the Charter, including Chapter VII, on a case-by-case basis and in cooperation with relevant regional organizations as appropriate, should peaceful means be inadequate and national authorities are manifestly failing to protect their populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. We stress the need for the General Assembly to continue consideration of the responsibility to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity and its implications, bearing in mind the principles of the Charter and international law. We also intend to commit ourselves, as necessary and appropriate, to helping States build capacity to protect their populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity and to assisting those which are under stress before crises and conflicts break out.) (ref. http://www.redcross.org.au/files/ihl__r2p_responsibility-to-protect.pdf)

[6]  Let us enumerate the list of Chapter VII interventions voted by the UN. Many of them were aftermaths condemned by many experts as corrupted or contrary to ...IHL and R2P principles!

1.     United Nations Security Council Resolution 82 (Korea)

2.     United Nations Security Council Resolution 1267 (Afghanistan)

3.     United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor

4.     United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo

5.    International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

6.     United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone

7.     United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda

8.     United Nations Angola Verification Mission II

9.     United Nations Operation in Somalia II

10.  United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission on Iraq alleged mass destruction weapons

11.  United Nations Protection Force in Croatia and in Bosnia Herzégovina

12.  Oil-for-Food Program for Iraq under siege and sanctions.

13.  United Nations Stabilization Mission in Hait

14.  United Nations Security Council Resolution 665 (Gulf War)

15.  United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973 (Libya)

 

[7].  Urgent Appeal to Stop Atrocities in Libya, Sent by 70 NGOs to the US, EU, and UN, 21 February 2011

After a real prosecution speech, without inquiry nor patent evidences, the signatories put their claim under "the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document", that we refer in the note 5, they conclude appealing to UNSC: " you have a clear and unambiguous responsibility to protect the people of Libya. The international community, through the United Nations, has the responsibility to use appropriate diplomatic, humanitarian and other peaceful means, in accordance with Chapters VI and VIII of the Charter, to help to protect the Libyan population. Because the Libyan national authorities are manifestly failing to protect their population from crimes against humanity, should peaceful means be inadequate, member states are obliged to take collective action, in a timely and decisive manner, through the Security Council, in accordance with the UN Charter, including Chapter VII."

(...) We urge you to use all available measures and levers to end atrocities throughout the country.

We urge you to send a clear message that, collectively, the international community, the Security Council and the Human Rights Council will not be bystanders to these mass atrocities. The credibility of the United Nations — and many innocent lives — are at stake". (cf. http://wrongkindofgreen.org/2011/10/25/ngos-who-assisted-in-the-nato-led-imperialist-invasion-of-libya-the-slaughter-of-libyan-civilians-and-the-brutal-assassination-of-muummar-qaddafi/)

[8] Let us compare two events that occurred in this month of August. The first was around the 5th of August: it is the Latakia genocide and the other occurred the 22nd of August and was about the alleged use of chemical weapons in Damascus Eastern outskirts. About the first event not even one word in the world press (apart an article in The Telegraph stating that the rebels are accused of sectarian murders (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/syria/10236362/Syrian-rebels-accused-of-sectarian-murders.html). Dr. Nabil Fayyad team has visited Latakiah and met with the survivors and the families of the victims. They report terrible atrocities that remind and bypass barbarian invasions. The CoI in the last report A/HRC/25/65 has reported fairly this event thus avoiding to cite too graphic realities like hanging corpses on the trees or broasting children or everting women….

The second event experiences a massive and continuous coverage of the story. It deserves the convocation of the Security Council and many States threaten Syria with military intervention.

An elementary questioning arose from this comparison: the people that were beheaded or murdered and whose corpses were hanged on the trees in Latakia aren’t they human beings like those who were decimated by the chemical weapons? Why the last ones deserve that the world looks at their fate and the Security Council will immediately be convoked while nothing is done about the other whose number raise up to more than 300 dead, entire villages decimated,  and 115 women and children abducted? Human Rights Watch will wait one month before delivering a report on the matter (“you can still see their blood” http://www.hrw.org/node/119675). In the footnotes of this report are displayed three letters of the rebel groups denying the criminal acts imputed to them. Where in the whole Syrian conflict do we see such indulgence with the government forces as to allow them to justify themselves of any crime imputed to them?

 



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19.12.2017

Conference on the "populist wave" in Central Europe (IDC, 19 December 2017)
08.11.2017

The Russian revolution and the civil war (IDC, 8 November 2017)
21.09.2017

Conference at IDC on the Korean crisis (21 September 2017)
12.07.2017

"Trump and Macron on Syria: what is new?" Conference at IDC, 12 July 2017
21.06.2017

Conference on the end of globaliation, 21 June 2017
24.05.2017

Conference in the Vatican on Catholics and Orthodox (24 May 2017)

Videos


John Laughland discusses the Catalan referendum on RT (4 October 2017)



John Laughland discusses NATO expansion on TRT World TV (31 July 2017)